Architectural engineering, also called civil engineering or building engineering, is a branch of engineering that focuses on the science and technical aspects of buildings and other structures. In other words, it includes the science of building and its components, along with their construction. Structural engineering is the area where building codes and related regulations are formulated to create safe buildings with well-designed systems and functions.
The science of structural engineering has come a long way from its humble beginnings in the mid-nineteenth century. Now, it is considered an integral part of architecture and building construction and one of the main factors behind the construction of buildings and infrastructure. Structural engineers have developed several advanced techniques and instruments, such as computer-aided design (CAD), which are used in the designing process of buildings and structures.
One of the most important elements of a building is its foundation, which is the first element that is laid when building a building. Foundation is crucial to the safety and functionality of a structure. Structural engineers use different tools, such as foundations, floors, walls, and roofs to keep foundations strong and secure.
Another important component of structural engineering is the ventilation system, which keeps the building cool during summer and warm during winter. In addition, ventilation systems also provide good air circulation, while reducing noise pollution.
In addition, architects and construction experts to create the layout of the structure of a building. This task is usually outsourced to specialists and contractors, especially when it comes to interior designs and interior finishing. Interior design of buildings also involves the designing and building materials to make them comfortable, appealing, and functional.
Architectural engineers can also make changes and improvements to the building's structure, such as additions and modifications to its construction process, including the placement of structures, windows and doors. In addition, they can design building structures to meet their specific needs and requirements, including their height, width, and other aspects of their construction.
These days, many structural engineers work in the construction industry. The most common type of architecture being applied is the residential construction. They work with residential construction projects, which include housing developments like single-family homes, condominiums, apartments, townhouses, and multi-family homes.
However, other types of construction, including commercial, industrial, and public works also require the help of architects and engineers. Construction projects involving various types of structures are also expected to have engineers.
Architects are employed by different types of construction companies and organizations. They are hired by architects to plan and coordinate a construction project, and to design the structural aspects of the project. Contractors and designers who work on architecture projects also need to hire architects. However, engineers are the most highly demanded ones, especially in commercial construction projects.
Architects and engineers also do the task of constructing the various buildings that they designed. They usually start with the planning of the construction project and then work towards the completion of the project. Architects and engineers will plan and draw the blueprints of the structure, and other documents necessary for constructing the building.
Architectural engineering also involves the construction of other things, such as heating, cooling, ventilating, and air conditioning, water supply, electricity, etc. These are part of the system of a building. Engineers will develop the systems for such purposes and ensure that they work properly.
Architectural engineers will also design the construction of various equipment used to conduct construction. For example, they will design and build construction tools, and devices.
Building designs and construction methods will determine how things will look once they are completed. Once all the aspects of a construction project are planned and written, architects and engineers will submit the plans to construction companies, who will then proceed with the building's construction.