Network engineers play an important role in the operation of a company's computer networks. Basically, network engineers are involved in the maintenance and delivery of computer networks in an enterprise. In essence, network engineers are solely responsible for keeping servers and computers running smoothly, simply, and securely.
One of the major functions of a network engineer is to ensure that systems, servers, routers, and other hardware and software components to function well. In many cases, an engineer has the ability to take control over a system during a network outage. Sometimes, a network engineer is also able to repair and diagnose a server during an outage. The ability to diagnose a server, such as whether it is having a problem, is essential. In many instances, a computer engineer may also be the person who troubleshootes a problem in a computer.
It is also imperative for a computer engineer to be able to diagnose issues that are caused by viruses, worms, Trojans, malware, or other types of malicious software. Sometimes, the engineer may also be able to fix these problems on their own, if they are trained to do so. However, if a problem in a system cannot be fixed, an engineer will have to refer the client to a computer security expert.
In some cases, an engineer's job can be quite varied. For example, an engineer might not only be responsible for managing a computer network, but could also be responsible for installing, configuring, and troubleshooting computers and servers in a company's office. Some network engineers work as consultants for other companies, while others work directly for the company that employs them. The scope of a network engineer's job is quite vast.
In order for a computer engineer to become a professional computer networking professional, he or she must have a solid technical background, as well as excellent communication skills. Computer engineering is a highly specialized field, and requires a great deal of patience, creativity, and the ability to work well with people. To become an effective computer engineer, one must have a bachelor's degree or higher, a bachelor's in computer science, or a master's degree in computer science.
Computer science degrees are typically offered by two-year colleges and universities, although some community colleges also offer computer science programs. Computer engineering is a broad field, so there are many schools which specialize in certain aspects of the field. Students wishing to enter this field should investigate each school's offerings to make sure they are well prepared for their career.
In some states, a bachelor's degree in computer engineering is not enough for the license to practice as a network engineer. A student must have a minimum of a master's degree in computer engineering in order to become certified and licensed as an engineer. This is usually obtained through a two-year program at a four-year university. There is some debate over the matter, because the U.S. Department of Labor does not require a Bachelors of Science in Computer Science as a pre-requisite to become a certified computer engineer.
The requirements to become a certified network engineer vary from state to state, but it is possible to become a computer engineer in many states through accredited universities and colleges, as long as the student meets all state requirements. In addition to being certified, the program must contain modules related to security, network administration, network engineering, computer architecture, and other topics. In order to become a network engineer, a student will need to pass a comprehensive exam administered by the National Academy of Computer and Technology Emergency Response Team (NACERT) in order to graduate. from a state-approved computer engineering program.