Biological biochemical engineering, often referred to as an engine, is an emerging discipline of science with origins stemming from both biotechnology and chemical engineering. Biochemical engineers are working on the design and manufacturing of enzymes, synthetic genetic codes and cellular components, while bioprosthetic engineers are developing prosthetics.
Bioprosthetics are prosthetic devices that are used to replace missing or broken natural organs and parts. They are worn by patients in order to enhance their mobility or provide support. Bioprosthetic devices usually consist of natural or artificial skin, bones, and tendons. They may also include internal electronic components such as motors, actuators and control systems.
Chemical engineering is one of the major fields of research and development in biology, particularly the field of bioengineering. Chemical engineers are using science and technology in a wide variety of fields, including agriculture, water treatment, and food additives. Chemical engineering is used in manufacturing products that do not exist in nature; in other words, a scientist or engineer creates something that is man-made and has the potential for causing damage to living organisms.
Other engineering fields have an impact on biotechnology. In recent years, a number of high-tech industries have begun to develop genetically modified plants and animals. These plants and animals are usually genetically altered through genetic engineering techniques to produce desirable traits. The United States is leading the world in the production of GM crops, with India and China following suit.
Some bioengineers working in biochemical engineering also focus on developing drugs. One of these is the pharmaceutical engineer who uses biotechnology tools to identify and develop new types of drugs. Other bioengineers are working on developing new drug delivery systems, like oral medications.
There is also a trend towards incorporating biotechnology tools in areas of chemical engineering. One of these is the use of chemical synthesis techniques to create a variety of organic compounds, including detergents, plastics, and solvents.
Bioengineers are also working in the medical field. In the past few years, they have developed an automated way to test human cells to see if they are healthy or not. This process, known as gene mapping, allows scientists to see if particular genes are causing a person to have the disease. It has been useful in developing treatments for many diseases.
Other bioengineered viruses are being developed to cure some types of infectious diseases. A bacteriological engineer, for instance, has created a vaccine that can help prevent the deadly hepatitis B virus from being transmitted . . . . . . between humans. By creating the vaccine in a lab, this engineer has greatly reduced the risk of spreading the disease through contact.
Biochemical engineering is a field that is growing rapidly because of the opportunities that it offers in the world around us. It has the ability to create many breakthroughs and contribute significantly to society. Many people are looking forward to new discoveries in this exciting and challenging field.