The U.S Army Corps of Engineers, also known as the Corps, is an engineering organization of the U.S Army that have two main mission areas; civil works, including bridges, dams, and flood control; and military construction, including dams, military roads and structures, and other structures. The Corps is responsible for the planning and design of new and upgraded military facilities in a timely manner and has responsibility for maintaining the quality of the facilities that they are responsible for. As part of its role in maintaining the operational readiness of U.S. Armed Forces, the Corps is accountable to provide a high level of professional support for the military services.
The Corps was created in 1908 and was originally designed to protect the country from natural disasters like hurricanes. It continues to play an important role in the protection of the country's natural resources. The Corps was originally known as the Department of Water Management and as a result of its extensive roles, the name was changed to protect the engineers from being confused with the Department of Water Control.
The Corps focuses on maintaining and improving flood control systems, bridges, dams, and other structures. Their mission is to ensure that these systems provide a safe environment for human life and can be maintained properly. This includes maintaining the infrastructure of the country. In addition to maintaining the infrastructure of the nation, the Corps is responsible for ensuring that the infrastructure is operating at its optimal capacity, which means that the infrastructure should remain operational.
Although the Corps is responsible for providing for public safety, the primary focus of their activities is civil works and building construction. The Corps does not have a specific set of duties related to the development of nuclear plants. However, the Corps will often coordinate with private companies and other agencies involved in the development of a nuclear plant.
The Corps is responsible for the design and construction of dams and other water control structures. For example, dams help protect local waterways from flooding and reduce erosion on land. Additionally, dams serve a number of purposes such as flood control, hydroelectricity generation, agricultural irrigation, and flood control, and recreational activities. In addition to assisting with civil works related to dams, the design and construction of dams, the Corps also coordinates with the Army Corps of Engineer National Flood Insurance Program.
The Corps provides for the design and maintenance of dams, reservoirs, dams, water control systems, water supply systems, and floodwalls, and other similar structures. The Corps also assists the Forest Service in the management of forest lands and the formulation of policies related to flood control.
The Corps is one of two organizations within the U.S. Army created by the Secretary of War, General Smedley Butler, in 1916 to coordinate and improve the civil works and construction activities of the nation's defense. The name of this organization was inspired by a quote attributed to Butler that states, “To keep the world safe and sound we must first build our own dam.”
The Corps is made up of more than six hundred commissioned officers, including all four brigadier generals and more than eight thousand enlisted personnel. The average enlistment is for approximately ten years. Although the Corps has an extremely large amount of manpower and is extremely dedicated to its mission, many of its soldiers are only in the Army for short periods of time and therefore are not considered full-time officers.
The role of the engineers is important, but it is important to know what engineers do first. Engineers must be qualified and experienced to meet the criteria for a certain level of certification by a recognized professional organization. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) is an organization that accredits engineers and maintains the ASCE National Council Test, which certifies engineers in specific areas of engineering practice.
Engineers are not allowed to perform any task that is technically beyond their knowledge. However, the role of engineers is to identify problems, analyze them, provide solutions, evaluate, document them, and present the findings to the government for review and approval.
Engineers are generally hired as permanent employees and must complete a three-year program of study and training at the engineering schools of the Department of the Army. They are allowed to work on contract after completing the program of study. The most recent graduates of the program become engineers-in-training, or EITs.