Marine engineering covers a wide range of applications. Marine engineering is a relatively broad field of engineering that covers all aspects of vessels, shipyards, offshore drilling rigs, and any other sea-based structure or boat. It also includes air travel, railway transportation, power generation, food processing, telecommunications, marine safety, marine transportation, shipping, and the construction of man-made islands. This article describes the main categories of marine engineering.
The first category in marine engineering involves the design of ships. Sailboats, yachts, and cruise ships are the most common structures used to transport people, materials, and goods around the seas. In some cases, sea freighters are used to transport passengers. Other large and small vessels are used for the same purpose as well.
Ships are often built for specific purposes in oceanic environments such as the Caribbean or Hawaii. A shipyard is the main place where a ship is constructed. There are different types of shipyards, depending on the size of the ship or the purpose for which it is built. For instance, a battleship is not built for use as a cruise ship; a big, bulky warship will not make a good fishing vessel, for example.
Shipyards are generally designed to build the largest and heaviest of ships. However, the designs of these ships can vary. Some are tall and narrow with narrow decks, while others are long and slender. A ship can be built with as little as three decks. Some shipyards have two decks on one level, though these are rare.
Shipyards often have one or more cranes. These cranes are used to lift and lower ships from the docks. When ships arrive at the dock, they will be hoisted in, so the crane operator can take them off the dock and put them in place on the water. This is how the largest ships are lifted into place. If a ship has a large cargo load, such as a tank, the crane may be used to carry the load onto the ship.
If a ship has an owner, the owner may keep control of the maintenance and upkeep of his ships. Owners have complete control over how the ship's hull and machinery work as well as over who sails it and who repairs the hull problems.
Many times, when ships are being constructed, there are plans in place for constructing temporary or second, third, or fourth ships. vessels in case the original ship is not built because of an accident. Some ships are built only for a short time and then scrapped.
Marine engineering does not require a lot of training for those interested in pursuing a career in it. There are a few basic classes that are required, but it is not overly complicated to become qualified as a marine engineer.
There are many different colleges, schools and universities throughout the world that offer degree programs in marine engineering. The number of students opting to pursue this field is increasing every year. The number of scholarships available for those who pursue marine engineering degrees is also increasing steadily.
Getting a marine engineering degree requires some hard work, but those who do can begin working right away in marine engineering. In fact, many marine engineers have their first job right out of school. It may be difficult at first, but those who pursue a career in marine engineering typically find it easier to adapt to the job . . . . . . than those who choose other fields. Even if a person has a bachelor's degree, some jobs in marine engineering require that the graduate of a masters or other higher degrees, to be eligible to work in the field.
An oceanographer's job description is to plan the movements of a ship or other ship-based vehicle. He or she will determine the proper way to navigate the sea. Marine geographers can use the ocean map to chart the coastline and help predict what currents may affect ships. Geophysicists, on the other hand, study the earth's natural resources and the changes in those resources, like the flow of water, that affect the coastlines of large bodies of water.
Geophysicists monitor the movement and behavior of water in lakes, rivers, and aquifers. A hydrogeologist analyzes the movement of underground water, like water levels and flows, which affect dams, ditches, and streams. Oceanographers can be involved in mapping the surface of the sea floor or mapping areas of water that are inaccessible by other means.