Medical engineering or biomedical engineering is the study of science and engineering concepts and principles used in medical science for biomedical applications and healthcare related purposes. BME or also referred to as “biomaterial engineering” is also referred to as “life science engineering,” but this term is now also referring to biomedical engineering as well.
Biomedical engineers are life science engineers that specialize in biomedical engineering for the purpose of medical research, drug development and application. They are also involved in the creation of new pharmaceuticals. BME graduates are highly skilled in their field and have a broad knowledge in biomedical engineering concepts. They can use their skills to create useful products that help in the improvement of human health.
BME also deals with aspects such as biomedical devices, medical imaging devices, biomedical computing devices and medical equipment and software. This engineering branch is one of the major branches in the biomedical engineering field because of the variety of areas it covers. There are two types of medical engineering; the first is known as biomedical information systems (BIS) and the second is medical material engineering (MME). The difference between the two is mainly related to their application. BIS focuses more on the use of technology in biomedical applications while MME is focused on the use of materials and processes.
Medical engineers in the pharmaceutical industry apply BIS in drug discovery. They use computer modeling, genetic and biochemical analysis, and biophysical data to develop new drugs. The scientists involved in these projects also use various computer applications like mathematical simulations, optimization techniques, optimization and the simulation of data and experiments. In clinical trials, pharmaceutical companies use MME.
Medical engineers also use biomedical information systems to diagnose diseases in the human body and perform other clinical tests. They can perform blood tests, conduct blood analysis, analyze body fluids, perform biophysical tests like the temperature of various parts of the body, blood pressure and blood loss, test for abnormalities, and so on. They use various biomedical imaging devices like CT, MRI, MRIs and PET/MRI. These devices have been developed by the industry for medical purposes in the recent times.
There are many industries and organizations involved in the biomedical engineering field and they use various tools, equipment, and machines made up . . . . . . of materials and processes from this branch. These include hospitals, medical equipment manufacturers, software and pharmaceutical companies, biomedical engineers, biotechnological and biotechnology companies, hospitals, researchers, and others. These companies also provide support to pharmaceutical engineers in this line of engineering. These professionals play a big part in the field of science and engineering in a number of ways.