Tenure is generally a kind of academic appointment, established in certain countries. It is the academic status assigned to a post, by virtue of which it will hold until the expiry of a specified term or the termination of a specified program.
Tenure is an indefinite category of educational appointment available in many countries. A tenure post is an academic appointment which can be terminated either for special reason or for very specific reason, such as program discontinuance or financial exigence. This type of tenure is different from full time teaching position in many ways.
The tenure post can never be the full time teacher of any course, and it has to have been posted in order to receive a grant, scholarship, or other form of support. In fact, the tenure professor who has been posted at this stage is not necessarily required to teach any classes in the department. However, he/she may carry out the teaching responsibilities, if they are relevant to the department.
During the period of the post, the tenure professor is free to conduct research on his/her own, according to his/her own pace. There is no specific curriculum in this case.
The tenure post will generally be held for a specified period of time, say from one year to five years. However, sometimes the tenure post lasts up to ten years. The tenure professor who is granted this post is called a tenure-track professor, and has to meet certain criteria, which include academic qualification, a number of publications, and experience in the discipline.
Tenure professors are given the job for a number of reasons, including the age-old tradition of teaching, their academic accomplishments, and the nature of the department. Sometimes it is seen that the tenure professor is assigned the job of supervising some students, which would give him/her a higher level of responsibility, and enable them to handle more responsibility. It is important for every institution to maintain its research reputation and encourage researchers, both in the department and outside the department. Tenure professors play a major role in this regard.
As well as the age-old tradition, tenure-track positions are also created in the department to fill up the vacancies. Sometimes the post is created in the case of an unusually large staff turnover in the department, or when the staff is expected to increase substantially.
The tenure post is not, however, necessarily reserved for the tenure professors who have worked with the department for the longest period of time. On the contrary, the tenure post can be held by the tenure faculty, postgraduate, or the . . . . . . other postgrads.
The tenure professors of the department are hired by the universities in accordance with the budgetary arrangements. and the overall structure of the university. It is very important for the university to ensure that the post-tenure positions are available on a permanent basis and are well-qualified for the post, so that the university can keep its reputation intact. The salaries and other conditions of these posts are decided in accordance with the guidelines set by the university.